Influence of. . . . come on now! Who wants to take the credit?
roots are in Spain. Realistically, it cannot be traced back further than
the 15th Century. It is thought to have been invented by the people of
Malaga. This early instrument was a "four course" guitar, from which the
ukulele is derived. The first guitars were very small, and were originally
strung with four pair of strings. Each pair was call a course. During
the Renaissance, the guitar never had the respect the lute enjoyed. It
was not considered a serious instrument. The first publication for guitar
is thought to have been Alonso Mudarra's "Tres Libros de Musica en Cifras
para Vihuela." Eventually, the guitar began to attract players, more publications
and music began to appear.
THE BAROQUE PERIOD:
course was added. Even more music became available. It's repertoire and
the complexity of the music increased.
composers and performers. The guitar was very popular and guitar concerts
were common. At the end of the 19th century, the guitar had fallen out
of favor, but was resurrected by Francisco Tarrega.
FATHER OF THE MODERN GUITAR:
until this point the instrument itself was small and narrow. Manual Torres
worked with the design and construction of the guitar. He increased the
size and experimented with anything that would improve the sound, and
was especially interested in volume. He was the first maker to use "fan"
bracing underneath the top. He once built a Guitar with a spruce top and
paper mache back and sides to prove his theory that it was the top that
produced most of the volume. He was the father of the modern guitar.
1265 - Juan Gil of Zamora mentions the early guitar in "Ars Musica.
- 1350 Guitarra Latina & Guitar Moresca are mentioned multiple times in
the poems of the Archpriest of Hita
1306 - A gitarer was played at the Feast of Westminster
- "Der mynnen regein" by Eberhard Von Cersne makes reference to a "quinterne."
1487 - Johannes Tinctoris described the guitarra as being invented
by the Catalans. This refers to the four course guitar. Each course represents
one pair of double strings.
1546 - "Tres Libros de Musica en Cifras para Vihuela" by Alonso
Mudarra is the first publication to include music for guitar.
1551-1555 - Nine books of tablature were published by Adrian Le
Roy. These include the first pieces for 5 course guitar. The addition
of the fifth course was attributed to Vicente Espinel
1600-1650 - Many publications of tablature for the guitar. It's
popularity begins to rival the lute.
1674 - Publication of "Guitarre Royal" by F. Corbetta increased
the guitar's popularity. It was dedicated to Louis XIV.
1770-1800 - A sixth string was added to the guitar and the courses
were replaced by single strings.
1800-1850 - Guitar enjoyed a large popularity both in performances
and publishing. Fernando Sor, Mauro Guiliani, Matteo Carcassi and Dioniso
Aguado all performed, taught, wrote and had published their compositions.
1850-1892 - Guitar maker Manual Torres develops the larger
more resonant instrument we know today.
1916 - Segovia performs at Ateneo, the most important concert hall
in Madrid. Before this it was thought that the guitar did not have the
volume for this type of venue.
1946 - Nylon replaces gut as a string material